» Damages

Defendants still need to beware of punitive damages in the District of Columbia

While the District of Columbia possesses discretion over the imposition of punitive damages, the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the imposition of grossly excessive or arbitrary punishments on a tortfeasor (although because the District of Columbia is not a state, the analysis is under the Due Proce…

The Collateral Source Rule in Maryland and the District of Columbia

Both Maryland and the District of Columbia recognize, as long-standing common law, the collateral source rule in the context of personal injury litigation. Maryland, for example, has recognized the collateral source rule for at least 112 years. See Norfolk Southern Ry. Corp. v. Tiller, 179 Md. App. 318, 327 (2008) (noting r…